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Category ArchiveRinjani Lombok

What You Might See and Do in Rinjani National Park

There are Over 20 villages surround Mt. Rinjani and there are many routes up the mountain, but the main access is from Senaru in the north and Sembalun Lawang to the east.

Gunung Rinjani national park lies within the major transition zone (Wallace) where the flora and fauna of south East Asia makes a dramatic transition into that which is typical of Australia. The park has a rich variety of plants and animals, although they can be hard to spot due to the terrain and rainforest cover.

Sometimes seen early in the morning is the morning is the rare black Ebony leaf monkey, know locally as lutung. The long tailed gray macaque of kera is common in Lombok and order males are seen on the crater rim. Rusa deer are forest dwellers and are occasionally seen a long the Rinjani trek train.

The smaller barking deer or kijang has an alarm call with a distinct dog – like bark. Look for the disturbed ground where the wild pig or babi hutan has been foraging. Also found in the forest is the leopard cat or bodok alas, palm civet or ujat and porcupine or landak.

A variety of colorful birds live in the forest of the park. Perhaps the best – know icon of the park is the crested cockatoo that is not found any further west of Lombok. Many of the forest-dwelling animals, insects, birds, civets, and monkeys owe their survival to the wild fig tree or beringin as a provider of food and shelter.

The pine-like casuarinas species, Cemara, are a feature of the grassy higher slopes. Orchids or anggrek are also a feature of the grassland areas, as is edelweiss or bunga abadi growing above the tree line, it is a beautiful icon of the park and one of the park and one of our best-know sub-alvine plants.

The following stories are a selection taken from a booklet for village guides containing a collection of traditional stories that have been related for generations by the people of Dusun Senaru.

Andongan Tambing
The first place to rest, located where the paths from Senaru and Semokan meet. Andongan Tambing is one of the forrest entry gates and the First Camp on the Rinjani Trek. At this point the trekkers are warned to be careful of the steep slopes.

Half Way Point (Pos II Campsite)
At the second resting place (Camp II) is a stone which is called Batu Penyesalan. This marks the place where the trekkers feels a conflict about whether to continue or to turn back because we still have as far to go to our destination as we have already walked.

Usually it takes about two hours to walk here from Bunut Ngengkang.

Caves
One of the three famous caves (Goa Susu, Goa Payung, dan Goa Manik), Susu Cave is a good place for self reflection and is often used as a place to meditate. The people with unclean and envious mind will have difficulty entering Susu cave which has a narrow entrance, but people with noble and pure mind will easily enter the cave.
Inside the cave water drips from the tip of a stone which looks like a nipple, so people say the water in Goa Susu tastes different. Inside Goa Susu is hot and there is a lot of smoke which looks like cooking steam so people call this Mengukus (hot house) and sometimes people call it Rontgen (X-Ray).

Healing Hot Spring Aik Kalak
Aiq Kalak means hot water and it is used to cure various deseases. One of the hot springs is named Pangkereman Jembangan which is meant a place for dipping. The water which spurts out of the spring is very hot. Weapons such as keris, swords, big knives, and lances are dipped in the spring to test their magic power. If the weapon become sticky it means that the weapon is bad and has no magical power. However if the weapon remain unchanged it means that the weapon has supernatural power and the power and the strength will be increased.
People also use the hot spring to make medicine from coconut cream. After dipping a bottle of coconut cream in the hot spring if the liquid becomes clear oily it can be used as medicinal oil. Then the medicinal oil is used for good things and is called Siu Satus Tunggal or in Bayan language Siu Satunggal which means that it can be used to cure a thousand kinds of deseases.

Segara Anak Crater Lake
Segara Anak Lake is so wide it appears like the sea with its blue water. The name Segara Anak means child of the sea.

Segara Anak Lake holds various mysteries and invisible power.
People feel content to stay a long time in this place because of the large community of mysterious spirits which live arround the lake. The local people believe that if the lake looks wide when seen at a distance it is a sign they will live to an old age; or if the lake seems narrow it is a sign of a short age. So in order not to be pessimistic, people quickly purify themselves by lifting up their spirits and calm soul and look at the lake contentedly.
In the area of the lake it is forbidden to have sexual intercourse, to complain or say dirty things. We must be patient when facing problems.

Local Strawberry
This plant grows along the route to Mt. Rinjani. It has thorns like the rose and the fruit is red like strawberry. It has a sweet and slightly sour taste and is good to eat when trekkers are hungry and thirsty.

Eternal Flower or Edelweis
The plant or the flowers should not be taken because it grows in the park and in the mysterious world of the spirit kingdom. In the past, someone who wanted this flower must be brave enough to fight and gamble his soul. That is why the flower is called Sandar Nyawa. The flower has never wilted and is as old as the mysterious spirits.

The Peak of Rinjani 3.726 M
The people of Lombok believe that the peak of Mt. Rinjani is where Dewi Anjani, the queen spirit and ruler of Mt. Rinjani lives. To the south-east from the peak in a sea of dust called Segara Muncar is the invisible palace of the queen Dewi Anjani and her followers. They are good spirits. According to a story about the Queen Spirit Dewi Anjani she was the daugther of a King who would not allow her to marry her boyfriend. At a spring called Mandala she dissappeared and changed from the real world to the spirit world.

Mount Baru Jari (Gunung Baru)
Gunung Baru is the name of the new volcano which emerged in the center of Segara Anak Lake. People believe that Gunung Baru is the navel of Mt. Rinjani. That is why if Gunung Baru erupted it will not harm the people of Lombok unless the eruption is from the peak of Mt. Rinjani. Some people said that the 1994 Gunung Baru eruption was caused by siprits who were building something because the stones that erupted were arranged in an orderly and attractive way at the foot of Gunung Baru.

Rinjani Park Concept, Achievement and Cultural Tips

The Rinjani Trek is managed by a unique partnership of National Park, tourism industry and the local community. Activities focus in the Community – run cooperatives at Rinjani Trek Centre ( RTC ) in Senaru and the Rinjani Information Centre ( RIC ) in Sembalun Lawang.

Under the guidance of the Rinjani Trek Management Board ( RTMB ), each are run by a stakeholders’ committee who look after roster systems for guides and porters, village tours, trek trail maintenance, and handicraft sales. Revenue from tourism activities and entry fees is used for conservation, training and management of the Rinjani Trek, thus ensuring sustainability.
Conceptually, the project started with three stakeholder circles labeled “Park Management”, “Community Development” and “Tourism”. Whit Project assistance, the Park set out to engage with the stakeholder groups in each of the circles, independently at first and then, as the groups got used to deal with each other, increasingly together. This approach recognized that it takes time for the multi-skilled “cross-over” people that ecotourism requires (people who can operate in between the circles) to emerge.

Invitation for donor agency, why you should invest?

– In 2004, the Rinjani Trek achieved international recognition when it won the World Legacy Award for Destination Stewardship.

– Also in 2004, the Rinjani Trek received an Award for innovative Tourism from the Minister of Tourism & Culture.

– In 2005, Rinjani Trek selected as a finalist in the British Airways, Tourism for Tomorrow Award from WTTC for Destination Award.

– In 2008, again Rinjani Trek selected as a finalist for the same category, Destination Award in the British Airways, Tourism for Tomorrow Award from WTTC.

– Assisting to develop effective partnerships in ecotourism and resource management.

– Contributing to poverty alleviation and the economy of North Lombok.

Fact
– The Gunung Rinjani National Park covers an area of 41,330 ha on the northern part of Lombok. It is the second highest volcanic peak outside of West Papua; the peak of Gunung RInjani (3,726m) dominates the landscape.

– It is surrounded by a further 66,000 ha of Protected Forest and covers the three administrative district of West, East and Central Lombok. The park ecosystem is the transitional zone between Asia and Australia (Walaceae zone). Average rainfall is about 3,000 mm annually.

– Gunung Rinjani is rich with a variety of flora, fauna and vegetation. On the south western side of the mountain is the most eastern extent of primary rainforest and drier climate in the east, and savannah in the north east. Notable flora includes the everlasting edelweiss flower (Anaphalis viscid), tiger orchid (vanda sp.), alang – alang grass (Imperata cylindrical), cemara trees (Casuarina trifolia and Casuarina ocidentale)

– For the people of Lombok, Sasak and Balinese alike, the volcano is referred as a sacred place and adobe of deities. Its crater-lake is the offerings in the water and bathes away ailments in the hot springs.

The RTMB
The RTMB (Rinjani Trek Management Board) was established after three years consultation with the member of the Gunung Rinjani stakeholders.
It is a consultation and coordination forum for ecotourism management in Gunung Rinjani based on participatory principle and integration between government, community and the tourism industry.

Under the authority of the Governor of Nusa Tenggara Barat, it embodies the unique partnership of the National Park, tourism industry, non-government organizations, and local communities that have been forged to sustainable manage and protect the Rinjani mountain environment.

The Vision
Establishing credible partnership in increasing trekking activity based on ecotourism principles in Mount Rinjani in order to improve local economy and self-esteem.

1. To develop an accountable, transparent, effective and efficient Rinjani Trek Management Board that publicly legitimate as National Park partner

2. To establish Rinjani’s Trekking as an ecotourism icon in West Nusa Tenggara and a world class climbing destination, which is community based and environmentally sound

3. To develop Rinjani’s image through culture value implementation and local wisdom

The Objectives
1. Improving Park management through training, management techniques, and improved infrastructure;

2. Fostering community development on Park boundaries, bringing about benefits to rural women and men, in recognition of the link between national conservation and local development goals; and

3. Development responsible and sustainable Park tourism by encouraging ecotourism based on trekking and Sasak culture

Achievement
* Training 49 trek guides and 140 porters from village communities;

* Issuing 49 guide licenses and 140 National Park Warrants to engage locals with the wider Indonesia tourism industry and improve security.

* Establishing a cooperative as a licensed Indonesia travel agency with 15 local trek organizers, thus regularizing community-based trek operations.

* Introducing a range of eight guided village tour products and one round Rinjani drive to involve more local people in tourism benefits.

* Arranging training for seven small business groups to stimulate local people to produce food, handicrafts, screen printed tee-shirts and weaving.

* Providing credit to about 80 small traders, mostly women.

* Establishing the Rinjani Trek Centre in Senaru and Rinjani Information Centre in Sembalun Lawang as the basis for trek organization on each side of the mountain, each operating as a community-based cooperative.

Lombok Cultural Tips

DO
* Smile and greet people, especially elders.
* Shake hands, gently.
* Accept hospitality and food. You do not have to eat and drink, but it is polite to ACCEPT.
* Say goodbye and thank you when you leave.
* Dress modestly. Women should keep upper arms and thighs covered.
* Bend down and walk around seated people when you need to pass.
* Use only your right hand to eat and to hand objects or money to someone.
* Be sure to sit at the same level as other people.
* Wear a sarong when entering the house of Melokaq (Adat leader) and when participating in ritual and adat ceremonies.

DON’T
* Enter houses, building or village without being invited.
* Wear shoes inside a house.
* Point at people with your finger. Don’t ever use your foot to point at objects or people.
* Point the bottom of your feet directly at people whilst sitting on the floor.
* Touch anyone’s head.
* Step over people or food on the floor.
* Eat with your left hand or use your left hand to give or accept objects or money.
* Raise your voice, especially in anger.

What to bring during Trekking to Mount Rinjani

Mount Rinjani National Park – Personal Daypack

While you are trekking to Mount Rinjani National Park of Lombok, We recommend you to take only what you need, travel as light as possible as most of the food, water and trekking equipments is carry by the porters, Porters only carry all the logistic and equipment so you need to bring your own stuff/luggages.
Below are list of items you should carry during the trek programme.
All Items to be packed in a small backpack no more than 5 kgs.

– Torch or Flashlight
– Toiletries
– Sun block/lotion, hat/cap, sun glasses
– Spray for muscle/balm
– Insect repellent
– Camera, Handicam (Manual or Digital)
– Extra rolls film for manual camera or fully charged extra battery for digital
– Small towel
– 2/3 pcs of T-Shirts
– Long trek pants/wind proof
– Windproof Jacket
– 2 pcs of shorts
– Trek stick/lekki (optional)
– Drinking water and high energy food (chocolates, nuts, raisins)
– Suitable walking shoes
– Warm clothing
– Waterproof gloves
– extra socks –
– Towel
– Hat
– Headache tablets
– Lip gloss
– Deep heat lotion
– Plasters
– Torch light
– walking stick
– waterproof bag for camera

NOTE:
– Bring Some cash for tipping the guide and porters is recommended. Its about Rp. 50.000/person/day

Rinjani National Park Environment Care

Respect to the park while enjoy your trekking in Rinjani

Remove rubbish:
Litters/rubbish is unattractive, harmful to wildlife and can increase. Plan your trip to minimize rubbish by not taking bottles and cans. Rinjani has a “pack it in –pack it out” policy, so be sure to carry out of the pack whatever you carry in.

Keep to the track:
By keeping to the trail, you avoid trampling undergrowth and risking getting lost in the forest.

Camp with care :
When camping, camping, leave no trace of your visit.

Keep streams and lake clean :
Wash well away from the water source by talking water in a container.

Soap and detergent are harmful to the creatures that live in the streams alike, drain used water into the ground.

Bury toilet waste :
In areas without toilet facilities, bury your toilet waste in a shallow hole well away from waterways, tracts, campsites and shelter. Take care with fires. Portable fuel stoves are less harmful to the environment and are more efficient than fires. If you must use a fire, keep it small and make sure that the fire is out before leaving by dousing it with water and checking the ashes.

Respect cultural and natural heritage:
Help protect the spiritual and historical significance of Mt . Rinjani by respecting our local culture. Conserve wildlife and plants of the national park by not removing anything.

Consider other visitors :
Walk quietly trough the forest so that you do not disturb the wildlife that you and others have come to see.

Enjoy your visit : enjoy your visit and before leaving the area take one last look – will the next visitor know that you have been here?

USEFUL TIPS:
Check your local guide license, make sure that he has a valid Indonesian Guide License. Never go without a local experienced guide.

Check the equipment i.e tents, sleeping bags, mattress. Due to uncertain weather, make sure that your tent is non-liking or waterproof. Most local trek organizer use very common “basic and old tents”. Pay a little more extra for a better handling and comfort is worth. Book your trek through a well organized trek organizer. Make sure you are equipped with the most advanced equipment.

Rinjani have several shelter in each stop point (commonly known as pos). Some of them equipped with toilet, but not well-maintained, dirty. A toilet tent can be useful when camping in open air.

Help keep the environment clean and nature. Rinjani trek is more than simply visit the area, some trek trails are very steep and dangerous, but the views and panorama is worth to be explored.

When you book an organized trekking package, check with your agent in details, what’s includes and what’s not included in the package. Quality of service and facilities provided are important because the facilities in Rinjani National park is not the same as facilities you can find in well developed countries.

Make sure you have enough drinking water and logistics. Be sure to stay fit before, during and after the trek.

How to get to Mount Rinjani National Park Lombok

Getting There
We can manage the transport to Senaru or Sembalun Lawang. These two village can be reached by private and charter vehicle, or by public bus. Form the west, catch a bemo to Anyar, from where bemos travel to Senaru about every 20 minutes until 4 pm. If you are coming from, or going to, eastern Lombok, get off at the junction near Bayan (your driver will know it), from where bemos go to Senaru. To Sembalun Lawang and Sembalun Bumbun, from Kali Putih to the north, a few bemos run along the rough road to both villages, usually only in the morning.

Get to Lombok Island:
There are flights from Bali, Jakarta, and Surabaya (some linking to Kuala Lumpur) and from Singapore to Lombok and from these and Bandung, Kupang and Ende to Bima.

1. Garuda, Merpati and Lion Air all have regular flights to Mataram from Jakarta, Denpasar and Surabaya, some originating in Kuala Lumpur.
2. Silk Air has regular flights direct from Singapore to Mataram.
3. Merpati fly five times a day from Denpasar to Mataram as well Merpati offers regular services from Denpasar to Bima.
4. Trans Nusa Air Service flying between Denpasar to Mataram every day, as well as connections to many other Indonesian destinations.
5. Batavia Air is a new airline flying daily between Surabaya and Mataram every day and has connecting flights to many other Indonesia destinations.

Take a car or bus from Denpasar to Padangbai and from there by ferry to Lembar in Lombok. To travel on to Sumbawa head eastwards to Kayangan (Labuan Lombok) and catch the ferry to Poto Tano. Passengers can travel to Sumbawa from the east by ferry via Labuhan Bajo (Flores) and Sape. Public transport and air conditioned coaches depart regularly from these terminals.

Drive-on ferries operate regularly from Padangbai in Bali to Lembar in Lombok. From Labuhan Bajo in Flores to Sapi in East Sumbawa.

1. Perama Tours offers travel from Padangbai to Senggigi and the Gilis daily.
2. It is sometimes possible to hire a boat from Labuhan Haji or Tanjung Luar in southeast Lombok, how ever this is not considered reliable.
3. Pelni, the regional coastal shipping line, has some ships that ply between the islands and provinces, completing a ring route including Lembar and Bima.
04.Fast boats serve from Benoa/Serangan/Padang Bay to Gili Islands and Lombok and you can visit their website at :
http://www.gilifastboat.com
http://www.bali-giliastboats.com

Rinjani National Park Trekking Maps

Rinjani National Park in few version, this maps show you different part of Mount Rinjani National Park of Lombok Island Indonesia.

Click the photos to Enlarge!!

Welcome to Mount Rinjani National Park of Lombok Indonesia

Gunung Rinjani National Park represents a range of Nusa Tenggaras ecosystem types, from sub-montane rain forest to montane forest and savanna.

The mighty Rinjani mountain of Gunung Rinjani is a massive volcano which towers over the island of Lombok. A climb to the top is one of the most exhilarating experiences you can have in Indonesia. At 3,726 meters tall, Gunung Rinjani is the second highest mountain in Indonesia. The climb to the top may not be easy but it’s worth it, and is widely regarded as one of the best views in the country.

Part of the famous ‘ring of fire’ this mountain also holds spiritual significance for the local people. It’s thought that the name Rinjani comes from an old Javanese term for ‘God’.

Around the slopes of Rinjani there are lush forests sprinkled with waterfalls and surrounded by stunning scenery.

Within the mountain is a crescent shaped lake, the breathtaking Segara Anak which is about 6km across at its widest point. This lake of sulfur is located 600 meters below the crater rim. Rising from the waters of this lake is a new volcano, Mt. Baru, which is a result of a series of eruptions during the 1990’s. Segara Anak is a spiritual place. The Balinese come here each year and perform a ceremony called pekelan where jewelry is placed in the lake as an offering to the mountain spirit. The Wetu Telu people also regard the lake as holy and come here to pray on full moon nights.

Mt Rinjani lies within the Gunung Rinjani National Park. The park covers 41,330 hectares and sits inside a major bio-geographical transition zone (Wallacea). This is where the tropical flora and fauna of South East Asia meets that of Australasia. This National Park was established in 1997 and is one of over 40 throughout Indonesia.

For visitors, the three-day Rinjani trek route from Senaru to the crater rim, down to the Crater Lake then on to Sembalun Lawang, is considered one of the best treks in South East Asia. More adventurous trekkers may want to head all the way to the summit of the volcano. This is best reached from Sembalun Lawang and takes four days, finishing up in Senaru.

To ensure that local communities benefit from tourism revenue, the Rinjani Trek is managed by a partnership of National Park officials, the public and private sectors of the Lombok tourism industry and community representatives. Community run cooperatives coordinate the Trek at the Rinjani Trek Center (RTC) in Senaru and the Rinjani Information Center (RIC) in Sembalun Lawang.

Revenue from tourism activities and entry fees is used for conservation, management and assisting the National Park with maintenance of the Rinjani Trek, thus ensuring its sustainability. This management model is unique in Indonesia and considered an example of best practice of ecotourism in Indonesia.

The plant potential in this Park area includes jelutung (Laportea stimulans), dedurenan (Aglaia argentea), bayur (Pterospermum javanicum), beringin (Ficus benjamina), jambu-jambuan (Syzygium sp.), keruing (Dipterocarpus hasseltii), rerau (D. imbricatus), lumut jenggot (Usnea sp.), cemara gunung (Casuarina tripolia and C. equisetifolia), edelweiss flowers (Anaphalis javanica), and endemic species of orchid such as Perisstylus rintjaniensis and P. lombokensis.

There is one endemic species of civet in the Park, namely the musang rinjani (Paradoxurus hemaproditus rinjanicus). Also to be found in the park are barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak nainggolani), ebony leaf monkey (Trachypithecus auratus kohlbruggei), pangolin (Manis javanica), southeast Asian porcupine (Hystrix brachyura), Timor helmeted friarbird (Philemon buceroides neglectus), crested hawk eagle (Spizaetus cirrhatus floris), lesser sulphur-crested cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea occidentalis), Lombok honeyeater (Lichmera lombokia lombokia), dark-backed imperial pigeon (Ducula lacernulata sasakensis), black-naped oriole (Oriolus chinensis broderipii), and several species of reptile.

Mt. Rinjani, at 3,726 m asl., is the third highest mountain in Indonesia. In a valley high up on the western part of Mt. Rinjani lies Segara Anak Lake (2,208 m asl.) whose sulphurous-smelling water has different temperatures from one part of the Lake to another, ranging from cool, through warm, to very hot. A new volcano is emerging from the centre of this Lake, and it is still active and growing.

Particularly with the coming of the rice-planting season, the communities in the vicinity quite often hold ritual ceremonies on Mt. Rinjani and at Segara Anak Lake. One involves releasing small artificial fish made of very thin gold into the Lake.

The Concepts of the Rinjani Trek Management Board
The Rinjani Trek is managed by a unique partnership of National Park, tourism industry and the local community. Activities focus in the Community – run cooperatives at Rinjani Trek Centre ( RTC ) in Senaru and the Rinjani Information Centre ( RIC ) in Sembalun Lawang. Under the guidance of the Rinjani Trek Management Board ( RTMB ), each are run by a stakeholders’ committee who look after roster systems for guides and porters, village tours, trek trail maintenance, and handicraft sales. Revenue from tourism activities and entry fees is used for conservation, training and management of the Rinjani Trek, thus ensuring sustainability.

Conceptually, the project started with three stakeholder circles labeled “Park Management”, “Community Development” and “Tourism”. Whit Project assistance, the Park set out to engage with the stakeholder groups in each of the circles, independently at first and then, as the groups got used to deal with each other, increasingly together. This approach recognized that it takes time for the multi-skilled “cross-over” people that ecotourism requires (people who can operate in between the circles) to emerge.

Best time to trek in Rinjani : April to November

Designated : Minister of Forestry, SK.No.280/Kpts-II/97,
a total area of 41,330 hectares
Location : Regencies; West Lombok, Central Lombok and
East Lombok, Province of West Nusa Tenggara

Temperature 23° – 30° C
Rainfall 2,000 mm/year (on average)
Altitude 550 – 3,726 m asl.
Geographical location 116°18′ – 116°32′ E; 8°18′ – 8°33′ S